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The inner chainring was attached using the 110 mm bolt circle, which survives to this day in very wide use.Throughout the '70s and early '80s, "Touring" was the hottest buzzword in the industry, and it was hard to find any bicycle part that didn't feature "tour" or "touring" in its name or advertising.The loaded touring bike was the most prestigious type of bike, and was generally recommended as the ideal general-purpose bike for the serious cyclist.Suddenly, all of the Japanese builders got it together at once, and serious, ready-to-ride touring bikes became available, with triple chainwheels, cantilever brakes, triple water bottle mounts, front and rear rack braze-ons, bar-end shifters, 40-spoke rear wheels, sealed bearings.Centurion, Fuji, Miyata, Panasonic, Shogun, Specialized, Univega and others offered these bikes.

The S10-S had aluminum handlebars and stem, Sunshine high-flange hubs, and a Belt leather saddle. In 1977 it was upgraded to 12-speed, and later the name was changed to S12-S.This means that the smaller sizes have shorter top tubes, and the larger sizes have longer top tubes. European manufacturers of mass-market bicycles ahd generally used the same top-ure length regarless os standover height, resulting in a long reach for shorter cyclists. European tires had been made with cotton cord, which was prone to damage, even from sharp pebbles and which was subject to mildew and rot.The S-10-S featured Sugino Maxy cotterless cranks (while competitive models from Europe were still using steel, cottered cranks).It had a well designed, butted frame, available in a full range of sizes, nearly indestructible Ukai aluminum rims, and the bike soon acquired an excellent reputation for reliability and performance.Unfortunately, such bikes were not available from stock; a buyer would have to start with a "sport touring" bike and make various modifications to turn it into a thoroughbred touring machine.Around 1985, the industry finally figured out how to make a good off-the shelf touring bike.After the Second World War, Japan was primarily known for making cheap knockoffs of foreign designs, competing on the basis of cheap labor. (This gap was wider at the time than it is now, due to the privations the Japanese population suffered during and after the war.) he most widely distributed Japanese bike of this era was sold under the name Royce Union.This began to turn around in the camera and electronics industries in the 1950s, but Japanese companies didn't figure out how to make and sell bicycles for the U. This was a 10-speed, pretty much all steel except for the handlebar stem and the Dia Compe brakes.