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Also, some of these may be classified as separate ethnic groups, rather than subgroups of Finns.Today, there are approximately 6–7 million ethnic Finns and their descendants worldwide, with majority of them living in their native Finland and the surrounding countries, namely Sweden, Russia and Norway.Overseas Finnish diaspora has long been established in the countries of the Americas and Oceania, with the population of primarily immigrant background, namely Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States.The Icelandic Eddas and Norse sagas (11th to 14th centuries), some of the oldest written sources probably originating from the closest proximity, use words like finnr and finnas inconsistently.However, most of the time they seem to mean northern dwellers with a mobile life style.

There are also native Finnish-speaking minorities in Sweden, e.g.the Tornedalingar (Meänmaa Finns) and the Finns of Dalecarlia.The majority moved from Finland to Sweden following the Second World War, taking advantage of the rapidly expanding Swedish economy.This emigration peaked in 1970 and has been declining since.The Sweden Finns are either native to Sweden or have emigrated from Finland to Sweden.An estimated 450,000 first- or second-generation immigrants from Finland live in Sweden, of which approximately half speak Finnish.These sub-groups express regional self-identity with varying frequency and significance. Historically, there were three dialects: the South-Western (Lounaismurteet), Tavastian (Hämeen murre), and Karelian (Karjalan murre).